Klariti Small Business Tips and Tools

About Us Free Tools Tips Templates Affiliates Site Map

MS Word template

Project Management Primer #2 - Scope Triangle

Called the ‘Scope Triangle’ or the ‘Quality Triangle’ this shows the trade-offs inherent in any project. The triangle illustrates the relationship between three primary forces in a project.

Time is the available time to deliver the project, cost represents the amount of money or resources available and quality represents the “fit-to-purpose” that the project must achieve to be a success.

The normal situation is that one of these factors is fixed and the other two will vary in inverse proportion to each other. For example “Time” is often fixed and the “Quality” of the end product will depend on the “Cost” or resources available. Similarly if you are working to a fixed level of “Quality” then the “Cost” of the project will largely be dependent upon the “Time” available (if you have longer you can do it with fewer people)

A phenomenon known as “scope creep” can be linked to the triangle too. Scope creep is the almost unstoppable tendency a project has to accumulate new functionality. Some scope creep is inevitable since, early on your project will be poorly defined and will need to evolve. A large amount of scope creep however can be disastrous.

When the scope starts to creep, new functionality must be added to cover the increased scope. This is represented by the quality arm of the triangle, representing the ability of the ‘product’ to fulfil users’ requirements. More requirements fulfilled = a better quality product.

In this situation you have three options:

1. Add time – delay the project to give you more time to add the functionality

2. Add cost – recruit, hire or acquire more people to do the extra work

3. Cut quality – trade off some non-essential requirements for the new requirements

If the art of management lies in making decisions, then the art of project management lies in making decisions quickly!

When faced with scope creep you cannot ignore it. You need to tackle it in one of the ways described above (more later) and the sooner the better. Delaying raises the risk of your project failing.

A poor project manager will see the scope triangle as a strait-jacket by which their project is irrevocably constrained. A better project manager will make better use of one or more of the axes and will shift the emphasis in the project to one of the other axes. The best project managers will juggle all three like hot potatoes and will make decisions every day which effectively trade-off time versus quality versus resources.

More Tutorials:


 

 



software testing templates

standard operating procedure templates

white paper templates

T e m p l a t e   S h o p

Action Plan Template

Audience Analysis Template

Availability Plan Template

Bill of Materials Template

Business Case Template

Business Continuity Plan Template

Business Plan Template

Business Process Design Template

Business Requirements Specification Template

Business Rules Template

Capacity Plan Template

Case Study Templates

Change Management Plan Template

Communication Plan Template

Concept of Operations Template

Configuration Management Plan Template

Conversion Plan Template

Datasheet Template

Deployment Plan Template

Disaster Recovery Template

Disposition Plan Template

Documentation Plan Template

Employee Handbook Template

Expression of Interest Template

Free

Grant Proposal Template

Implementation Plan Template

Invitation To Tender Template

Market Research Templates

Marketing Plan Template

Operations Guide Template

Policy Manual Template

Project Plan Template

Proposal Manager Templates

Proposal Template

Release Notes Template

Request For Proposal Template

Risk Management Plan Template

Scope of Work Template

Service Level Agreement (SLA) Template

Small Business Video

Social Media Policy Templates

Software Development Lifecycle Templates

Software Testing Templates

Standard Operating Procedures Template

Statement of Work Template

System Administration Guide Template

Technical Writing Templates

technical writing templates

Test Plan Template

Training Plan Templates

Training Plan Templates

Troubleshooting Guide Template

Use Case Template

User Guide Template

White Papers

Work Instruction Templates

How to Write

Action Plans

Business Writing

Business Proposals

Case Studies

Process Design

Project Management

Standard Operating Procedures Course

White Papers

Write for the Web

Grant Writing

Software Development Templates

 



Email Me Here

Endorsements | About Us | Contact Us | Site Map | Privacy | License | T&Cs | FAQs